imagesI can say this week was very overwhelming and stressful for me because my daughter and my little son were both sick. Beside that I had to deal with a lot of other things. After reading and viewing videos on plagiarism, copyright infringement, fair use, and other required topics I have gained a lot of valuable information but to be honest, some of the things are still unclear to me. My hope is when I have time I will carefully reread and try to understand the cloudy parts of copyrights and copywrongs.
I would like to share this week’s learning outcomes with you:
Information technology not only has brought opportunities but also responsibilities to us. While we communicate, meet and share information we need to act more responsibly. Whether we are writing an essay, a book or preparing a lesson to present information in multiple formats, at some point, we use someone else’s work. While doing this we need to get permission from the original author or copyright holder. Author or copyright holder work very hard to create something unique and we took them in a few seconds and most of the time we do not give credit. We need to treat others the way we want to be treated. So what is copy right?
Copyright is the legal right to use and copy the information, thoughts, works of art and product that a person or persons intellectual labor. Copyrights begin with the production of the work and they generally apply for a certain period of time. To gain a right we do not need registration. The copyright symbol is a ” C ” in the circle, indicating that person copyright is protected. Copyright protection is one of the basic human rights. Whether the C symbol is used or not; if you have original idea and product that means your work is copyrighted as long as you create a tangible form of your work. According to Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
Plagiarism: Using another person’s words, ideas, or information without acknowledgment is called plagiarism. It has been defined by the Encyclopedia Britannica as “the act of taking the writings of another person and passing them off as one’s own.”
It was interesting to learn that plagiarism often covers things that are not covered by copyright. Ideas, facts and general plot elements are all things that can be plagiarized, but generally don’t qualify for copyright protection (Bailey, 2013).
Copyright infringement: A copyright infringement is a violation of an individual or organization’s copyright.
Attribution: It is an acknowledgment as a credit to the copyright holder or author of a work.
Transformation: I am not sure about this but my understanding from transformation is copying of copyrighted material for a limited purpose and commenting upon, critiquing or parodying a copyrighted material.
In addition, I have also grasped what Fair Use is. It basically gives exceptions to the rights of copyright holders in particular cases, permitting people to use portions of works for non-profit, academic, and other purposes only if those users stay within certain limits.
As parent-teachers, we have the vital role to teach our kids the value of respecting other people’s work and words and show how to avoid the risks and consequences of plagiarism and other types of academic dishonesty. Our children should know that like any kind of stealing plagiarism is also a type of stealing and it is wrong. Modeling is a highly effective instructional strategy in that as it allows kids to understand the new practice. Children are influenced by the people around them, but our actions and attitudes have the strongest influence on them.Setting a good example is our most significant duty to our kids.


Attribution (copyright). (2017, August 30). Retrieved September 19, 2017, from

Bailey, J. (2013, October). The Difference Between Copyright Infringement and Plagiarism – Plagiarism Today. Retrieved from

Christenson, P. (2012, November 13). Copyright Infringement Definition. Retrieved 2017, Sep 18, from of academia

Dhammi, I. K., & Ul Haq, R. (2016). What is plagiarism and how to avoid it? Indian Journal of Orthopedics50(6), 581-583.

Jawad F. Plagiarism and integrity in research. J Pak Med Assoc 2013;63:1446-7.

Pechnick JA. A Short Guide to Writing about Biology. 4th ed. New York: Addison Wesley Longman; 2001.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2017, from


Espejo, R. (2009). Copyright infringement. Detroit : Greenhaven Press, c2009.

Leonard, K. (2009). Copyright or Copy Wrong?. American Libraries, (1/2), 79.

Plagiarism 2.0. [electronic resource (video)] : Information Ethics in the Digital Age. (2011). New York, N.Y. : Films Media Group, [2011], c2011.

Prasad, A., & Agarwalai, A. (2009). Revisiting the Historical ‘Copy-wrongs’ of ‘Copy-rights’! Are we resurrecting the Licensing era?. Journal Of International Commercial Law & Technology4(4), 231-237.

Starovoytova, D. (2017). Plagiarism under a Magnifying-Glass. Journal Of Education And Practice8(15), 109-129




The Internet has changed our lives and the way how we interact with one another. It has never been so easy to access in so little effort for so low cost. From the comfort of our home, we can do many things by using the internet: searching, surfing, chatting, learning, entertaining, making money, or wasting time. No matter what the purpose is whenever we use the internet we leave a mark behind us called digital footprint.

A few years ago, my friend and I were having a conversation and I was telling her about a newly opened store close to my home and how clean and nicely designed it was. The next day, related ads popped up on my smartphone screen. I was worried that my smartphone might be listening into my conversations. I thought it was not a coincidence. I take my phone everywhere with me. After searching up about it I have learned that what I buy, what I research, what ads I see or share online are recorded. Now I am more careful about my online activities. It was very interesting to learn companies, marketers, and advertisers use cookies to track our online interest and preferences. Our dilemma is even though we know a lot of information about us is stored with/without our knowledge, most of us still use default settings on our phone or PCs. In addition, we do not invest time to learn how to handle privacy issues. This week we have focused on the digital footprint. I have gained extensive knowledge about digital footprint and shared them with my family. The digital footprint is unique like our fingerprints cause us to leave characteristic traces behind us. We have a both an intentional and unintentional digital footprint(Ohler,2015). The intentional footprint is one that noticeable, consciously created, proactive, manageable and controllable. The unintentional footprint is one that is uncontrollable, passive and unnoticeable. We can leave our digital footprint with many ways like web searches, credit card purchases, bank accounts, phone records, medical records and so on. I think the most important one is our credit card statements since our lifestyle is hidden in them and they give a lot of confidential information about us. Web searches is another place that provides data about us. Moreover, websites give personalized advertisements according to our search behaviors. GPS sensors show our exact location where we go that can be stored for later use or tracked by third parties. Our social media accounts allow others to track every minute of our life our information is accessible by website managers. As we see we are leaking plenty of information about us without realizing it for companies our digital footprints are valuable commercial resources. They share or sell this gathered information to third party companies. In the digital world, we need to learn to make meaningful contributions and take more responsibility for our actions. We should always remember If we post something on the internet even if we delete, it stays there forever. there are some positive aspects of the digital footprint as well. I have fully understood the fact employers are following employee trail’s, Now I know how to control and keep professional of my digital footprint. I am more careful while giving out my confidential information, sending and receiving e-mails, or sharing social media. A few days ago, I have done my footprint search. I did not have any negative results. But I have realized that I need to create a positive digital footprint. I have a profile on Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, LinkedIn,.I am proud of and comfortable with it being viewed by my employer or other persons.

As a conclusion, I would like to say we should always remember If we post something on the internet even if we delete, it stays there forever. It is vital to consider what trail of data we are leaving behind, the less we leave marks on the Internet, the better for us. In the digital world, it is our duty to learn to make meaningful contributions and take more responsibility for our actions.



Ohler, J. (2015). Digital Footprints, Digital Citizenship Beyond School. Retrieved September 16, 2017, from


Digital footprint. (2016). Salem Press Encyclopedia,

Kurtis, H. (2013). What size is your digital footprint?. The Phi Delta Kappan, (7), 14.

Stephen D., W., & Mark, G. (2007). Constructing, Visualizing, and Analyzing a Digital Footprint. Geographical Review, (3), 324.

THE TECHNOLOGY TAIL A Digital Footprint Story. (2017). Kirkus Reviews85(14), 407.

Wang, X., Fang, Z., & Guo, X. (2016). Tracking the digital footprints to scholarly articles from social media. Scientometrics109(2), 1365-1376. doi:10.1007/s11192-016-2086-z




Homeschooling in Us is growing at a strong pace. If current growth continues, the number of students will exceed 2 million by 2018. With the help of technology, this number will probably double.

 Why do parents choose to homeschool?

-To provide children a higher quality education

-To support a learning-disabled child

-To have more quality family time

-To make a change from a negative school environment

-To protect from bullying in school

-To give children a religious education

Even though your decision to homeschool can be based on many reasons, the common idea is you want better education for your children. As parent-teachers, we all see that homeschool is more responsive to our children individual needs and interests by being flexible and self-paced.

You have a huge responsibility and accepting your knowledge and skills as it is, might hinder your and your children’s abilities. You are the main resource your kids to use to support themselves but you don’t feel contented and confident with teaching a specific subject. Believe your ability to learn and implement new instructional strategies. Technology tools are designed to foster your teaching. At first making big instructional changes can be a challenging process but at the end, it all pays off. As you begin using digital tools, you will see great advantages for your homeschool curriculum. With the advances in technology, resources for home schooling has grown enormously. You should learn to keep up with it. Blended-learning is the perfect fit for homeschool as it gives the learner the opportunity to really dive into technology. You can get the traditional homeschool method and add all the option that the internet allows.Here are eight benefits that blended learning brings to the homeschool setting.

Here are eight benefits that blended learning brings to the homeschool setting.

  1. Improves the quality of teaching and learning
  2. Enables student to learn at his own pace
  3. Instills a love in learning
  4. Engages student
  5. Increases student success
  6. Promotes student ownership
  7. Provides student autonomy
  8. Prepares students for real-world skills

In today’s information and science driven world learners are very busy with the opportunities. They all are competing for good positions. if they are equipped for the necessary changes they can be independent and lifelong learners. Good parenting requires continual awareness and growth. Enhancing your teaching does not mean using technology as a baby sitter. Only Meaningful use of technology can increase your child success. Life is about balance; too much and too little can harm your children.This week I have prepared an elevator pitch for my article.I have preferred to use adobe-spark as it is user-friendly.

Here is the video link :






When we observe our daily life, the whirlwind always gets priority. We focus on the day job and ignore the most important long-term goals. As we look from the parent teacher’s perspective to this situation, (my audiences are mothers) being a mom has never been a simple job, today greater demands upon women have seemed to make it harder than ever.

My friends wish they could be homeschooling their children at home, but feel that they do not know how they get it all done. There are a lot of responsibilities that are waiting for them. Eventually, they never have time to important goals. I believe they could certainly do a better job if they had a model that prepares them better for the process. 4DX model taught me how to change people’s behavior in the whirlwind of daily life. I have internalized how I can effectively execute any plans with utilizing this model.

So, I want to be an agent of change and decided to influence my friends. One and a half year, my daughter has gained very valuable learning experiences in Homeschooling through my Blended-Learning initiative. To bring change in any organization, I’ve clearly understood that giving information is not enough itself. It should be supported with other important steps. Like modeling. Even tiny changes can take the time to filter through and be adopted. I will provide all possible information and practice in both the planning and implementation process. I will share my story and offer an opportunity for them to learn from my experiences. I believe experiences add much more value than an opinion. I believe if this training is taken seriously and done right, every parent-teacher would gain the necessary skills. They can learn very effective strategies and participate discussions and collaborate with other parents. They can be ready for the most challenging circumstances. I will be using Schoology as an LMS tool (Learning Management System) as it is free, safe and user-friendly learning network for instructors and learners. I will teach how to use Schoology for their own kids. With this technology tool, parent-teachers will be able to connect, share content, create & access homework, and participate in discussions.

This ten-week training will allow them to experience and explore the Blended learning environment. I will provide modeling and ongoing support throughout the implementation process, parent-teachers will gain more accountability and confidence. Each participating parent-teacher will observe and evaluate their own group lessons each week regularly.

Discipline 1-Focus on the Wildly Important Goal (WIG):

During this process, they will identify and incorporate what blended-learning is. They will acquire the knowledge how to create and implement blended learning to enhance their children learning. In order to get this point, parent-teachers will participate regularly in professional development sessions and actively engage in creating blended learning activities for their children and collaborate with their peers and team leaders in instructional design.

Discipline 2 -Act on the Lead measures:

Lead measures:

          I have identified four lead measures and want to focus on them:

1– Provide better communication (Gain feedback & provide feedback).

2– Improve the knowledge (Teach scheduling and time management tips to help team members to integrate schooling into the natural flow of their home).

3– Share necessary documents (Online video presentations, downloadable audios, handouts and additional reading resources).

4– Reduce operational problems by developing necessary skills (Show how to use Schoology, digital apps, and other technology tools).

Lag measures:

Make sure the entire team member feels satisfied and motivated to begin blended-homeschool. Assure all of them acquired the proficiency use required digital tools.

Discipline 3: Keep a compelling scoreboard:

The visual scoreboard is exceptionally essential and every group will build up a straightforward and visual scoreboard. The board will incorporate lead and lag measures. Scoreboards will be in a noticeable place so everyone can check whether the group is winning or losing. Lead measures without a lag measures may make them feel good but it will not provide confirmation that the desired result has been totally achieved.

Discipline 4: Create a cadence of accountability:

The cadence of accountability incorporates with regular meetings. Each meeting will be 40+40 minutes long. Everyone will focus on WIG and assess the current progress.

We will look at the scoreboard will be able to see who is having success and who is struggling. Finally, I will collect in writing form each person a list of the things that they are committed to doing in the next week and have them sign it.


There are five stages of change. These are getting clear, launch, adoption, optimization, and habits.

Getting clear stage:

The first stage includes lead measures, scoreboard, and committing to the regular WIG sessions. It is very important because if team members know clearly, what are the wildly important goals and how they can accomplish, it would motivate them to implement the other steps of the execution. In order to get that point, we will make a meeting every week. Parent-teachers will identify what blended-learning is and what blended-learning provides to learner and learning coach. By integrating meeting, they will gain proficiency, advice, and reflections throughout the year. We will focus on two wildly important goals because too many goals, may cause losing the focus, consequently, they might accomplish none. I will explain our lead and lag measures to team members.  If they have any concerns, I will try to eliminate them.


At the meeting, I will show presentation about Blended- Homeschool project and WIG. After meeting, my first thing to do is to create teams and then guide them in every possible way. There will be five teams and every team will have their own team leader. Team leaders model using technology skills to create blended learning classroom. They will help the struggling parent-teachers and answer their questions. Each team will create their own scoreboard.


Team members will look at the scoreboard and see their own improvement by means of knowledge, experience, and skill. To understand the members’ connection, team leaders will check the scoreboard. Whoever is struggling they will provide support and who has a success they will motivate by giving incentives. Week by week, they will begin to feel more committed to the program. During the weekly meeting, parent-teachers will share out what progress they have made with their colleagues.


It is significant for all team members to collaborate regularly with each other. At every turn, I will create and encourage collaboration so team members can feel more ownership of the program. I will use surveys to obtain feedback. I will adapt my plans based on new information and try to improve members’ knowledge and skills. Parent-teachers will create their own self-blended lesson with a team leader. Each parent-teacher will observe and evaluate their peer’s lesson. They will make the necessary corrections and adjustments. Each parent-teacher will be able to use the Schoology and other digital tools proficiently after the ten-week period. They will discuss with their colleagues what went well, what areas that they struggled with.


I believe by using 4DX strategy process, all team members will achieve our Wigs. Over time, they will build confidence and self-esteem. Members will begin creating their own goals and expectations. When needed, they will be able to implement the model individually and make necessary alignments.  I hope this training creates knowledgeable parent-teachers and these parents can later work independently without constant help and supervision from others. With this training, parents will have the chance to see and reflect on what works or does not work for homeschool settings.











McChesney, C.,  Covey, S., Huling, J. (2012, April 24) The Four disciplines of execution: Achieving your wildly important goals. Free Press.



1-DURATION: Professional development will last ten weeks. We will meet every week. Proper time will be provided for practice and acquire mastery skills. The first session mainly will cover preparing parent-teachers to use Blended Learning. The second session we will focus on addressing problems and building proficiency in utilizing digital tools and apps for Blended Learning.

2- SUPPORT: Parent-teachers will be able to communicate and support each other. There will be teams. Each team will have their own group leader. Group leaders will mentor during the implementation process. There will be face-to-face and virtual discussions and ongoing support.All group members will use social media for collaboration (Twitter).

3- ACTIVE LEARNING: This training will engage each parent-teacher through various approaches (online discussions, modeling Schoology) so that they can implement actively when learning new skills and practices. The professional development course will consist of different types of activities in each session. Parent-teachers will have a chance to create their own courses by using Schoology and other technology devices.

4- MODELING: Modeling is a highly effective instructional strategy in that it allows learners to understand the new practice.Team leaders will model how to utilize technology tools to create a blended learning classroom. Parent-teachers will learn how to apply Blended-Learning by using SCHOOLOGY, some other apps, and digital devices. Parent-teachers will observe each other’s work and provide feedback.

5- SPECIFIC: This professional development will be specific to homeschool parent-teachers.


*Organize 5 teams and their leaders(These leaders will be task and relationship-oriented)

*Have a common purpose

*Communicate sincerely

*Reinforce team members efforts

*Embrace diversity

*Stay away from talking behind each other’s back

*Support a sense of community.

*Provide opportunity for parent-teachers to share their feedback and experiences with using social media(Twitter)


-Parent-teachers will take the initiative in learning so they will learn more things and learn better. They will have freedom of choice in deciding their own objectives. They will be responsible for their kid’s achievement.

-They will have equal opportunity, participation, and outcomes.

-Project based assignments will be given to gain and retain certain clear knowledge and skill, or to produce some other lasting change in themselves.

-Assistance will be continuous, but intentionally every week this assistance will be decreased to improve their learning.

– Supportive, consistent leadership and learning opportunities will be available from team leaders.

-Mutual respect, collaborative spirit, action-reflection will be kept throughout the learning process.

Parent-teachers will be encouraged:

-To find time for their learning

-To take certain steps to increase the motivation for their learning

-To detect any factor that has been backing or hindering their learning


*Team leaders and I will run the PD for the blended- learning initiative.

*Teach how to design online courses for blended learning through a learning management system (LMS)


My professional learning plan was developed for the parent teachers so that they can improve themselves and acquire the necessary skills at the end of the PD.

*Parent-teachers and group leaders

*Understanding blended-learning

*Grasping of 5 Principles of Effective PD

*Providing continuous support for blended learning initiative


*This training will be 10 weeks long.

*Arrange professional development teams/team leaders

*Give necessary information about homeschool and it’s procedures.

*Explain to the learning theories and model how to apply constructivist theories in the delivery of an online course through Schoology.

*Present blended-learning

*Create effective professional development sessions for blended-learning

*Teach how to use Schoology, some beneficial apps, and technology tools

*Introduce mindsets

*Clarify technology literacy

*Adress problems

*Build proficiency in utilizing digital tools and apps for BL

*Provide ongoing support for team members

*Foster collaboration

*Get feedback from parent-teachers for blended learning initiative.


*Gulamhussaein’s 5 Principles of Effective Professional Development

*Topic related videos, presentations, and TED Talks

*Digital tools and apps



Over the last few weeks, I have been working on a professional development outline plan for homeschool parent-teachers. During this time, I have had an opportunity to sift through the 5 disciplines of effective professional development. In the first two weeks, I was asked to create a presentation that will point to and convince my colleagues for the need for alternative professional development. For this purpose, I have created another presentation and a  video. Next, I formed an alternative PD plan outline that will provide the overview or guidelines for the PD development that I need to support my innovation plan. In this innovation plan, I have tried to identify all the key components for effective professional development. Finally, I have organized and present all the components of my professional development plan by using my BHAG. I believe this course has provided me a great experience and insight.


Hi, Dear Homeschool Parents!
I want to begin my post with one of Barbara Johnson’s quotes images (4)that say “To be in your children’s memories tomorrow, you have to be in their lives today “I absolutely agree with her. Nothing you do for your children is ever wasted. Child education is one of the biggest challenge parents face. During the child-raising process, every parent experiences some difficulties and needs help and guidance. The nature of children looks like a clean paper. Since whatever is initially printed on it will remain for rest of its life, this is why parents should aim to leave good images on this clean page. It is obvious that homeschooling has turned into a mainstream education option for many families. You are one of them. Even though your decision to homeschool can be based on many factors, the common idea is you want an enhanced education for your children.You are your child mentor, this is a huge responsibility and accepting your knowledge and skills as it is, might hamper your and your children’s abilities. You want your children to become independent and lifelong learners. Without effort, supposing all things to drop down from the sky happens just in a dream.

So, the best way to advance your child is to start by improving yourself since you are actively involving in your children’s achievement and accountability.  You are doing something worthwhile, that’s why constantly moving forward is imperative to grow and develop your knowledge. This learning will give you the power to do what you intend to accomplish.The human potential is unlimited, the more you progress, the more you comprehend. There is so much out there that you must learn.  Whenever you think you are good, you can even be better. When you think, you know everything you fall into ignorance.

Always remember, you cannot teach what you don’t know. Before telling your children the ways on how to exalt yourself and be lasting learners, you should let them see that you yourself is a representation and a product of development. On this way, you can achieve a lot more than you might realize and inspire many people other than your children too.

You are the main resource your kids to use to support themselves but you don’t feel contented and confident with teaching a specific subject. If you really want to improve yourself what’s holding you back? Professional learning opportunities can help you. Maybe you think in our current education system, professional developments are in one size fits all situation mode, therefore they are not effective. Like our learners, we are also diverse. We come from different backgrounds, experiences, and different learning styles. But it is possible to personalize your professional development with Twitter, Pinterest, online articles, books, (3)You think you are too busy and don’t have time to attend a physical class, no worries. There are plenty of online professional development courses that do not cost you any money. All you need is self-discipline, internet access and keep learning. You will enjoy the flexibility of learning at your own pace and gain many necessary skills very quickly.

Identify your weaknesses and take the time to turn those weaknesses into strengths, even create new strengths. Since you are comfortable you should not settle for less and stay where you are. When It comes to learning, there is no age, time or place boundary. With the help of professional developments strive to be a better learning coach in any way conceivable. To be of the ‘best of mentor’ is not easy. The reward is great but so is the responsibility. So, you might think that it is hard to know the difference between effective professional development and ineffective professional development? There are five principles that you can use to identify effective professional development (Gulamhussein, 2013):

1.Professional development needs to be an ongoing experience for educators.

2.Professional development needs to provide support for teachers during the implementation stage of using a new instructional method in the classroom.

3.Professional development needs to offer content that is specific instead of generic.

4.Professional development needs to be engaging and uses varied approaches to support learning for both groups and individuals.

5.Professional development needs to include modeling as major parts of teacher training.

If these professional learning principles are implemented successfully, you and your children can benefit from it. For you, it provides many skills and ensures the wide variety of educational resources. For your children, it gives a personalized learning and increases your kids’ test scores. Do not try to improve yourself for the sake of improvement alone; improvement should be purposeful and in accord with your situation. This is all for this week. We will continue our post upcoming weeks.


I have created a presentation for you by utilizing Google Slides.The reason that I have chosen this tool is because Google Slides are very common and can attract many people’s attention. I actually created a very good interactive presentation using biteable moviemaker. However, because I was using (the free version), when I clicked the presentation I realized that they don’t let me to access my presentation.So  I am not able to show that presentation.Since I have learned Google Slides to be user-friendly and navigatable I prefer to use it.At first, I hesitated to use it because I thought it would take too much time to figure out the procedures. Adversely it is very simple and convenient. The best part of using this online tool is that you don’t need any special skills. There are many templates options and you can embed any type of videos to your presentations. You can create presentations, introductions and more.I have prepared my outline by utilizing piktochart.







Gulamhussein, A. (2013). Teaching the Teachers Effective Professional Development in an Era of High Stakes Accountability. Center for Public Education. Retrieved from

The Principles of Effective Professional Development. (n.d.). Retrieved March 12, 2017, from

Jacob, A., & McGovern, K. (2015). The Mirage: Confronting the hard truth about our quest for teacher development. TNTP. Retrieved from