I can say this week was very overwhelming and stressful for me because my daughter and my little son were both sick. Beside that I had to deal with a lot of other things. After reading and viewing videos on plagiarism, copyright infringement, fair use, and other required topics I have gained a lot of valuable information but to be honest, some of the things are still unclear to me. My hope is when I have time I will carefully reread and try to understand the cloudy parts of copyrights and copywrongs.
I would like to share this week’s learning outcomes with you:
Information technology not only has brought opportunities but also responsibilities to us. While we communicate, meet and share information we need to act more responsibly. Whether we are writing an essay, a book or preparing a lesson to present information in multiple formats, at some point, we use someone else’s work. While doing this we need to get permission from the original author or copyright holder. Author or copyright holder work very hard to create something unique and we took them in a few seconds and most of the time we do not give credit. We need to treat others the way we want to be treated. So what is copy right?
Copyright is the legal right to use and copy the information, thoughts, works of art and product that a person or persons intellectual labor. Copyrights begin with the production of the work and they generally apply for a certain period of time. To gain a right we do not need registration. The copyright symbol is a ” C ” in the circle, indicating that person copyright is protected. Copyright protection is one of the basic human rights. Whether the C symbol is used or not; if you have original idea and product that means your work is copyrighted as long as you create a tangible form of your work. According to Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
Plagiarism: Using another person’s words, ideas, or information without acknowledgment is called plagiarism. It has been defined by the Encyclopedia Britannica as “the act of taking the writings of another person and passing them off as one’s own.”
It was interesting to learn that plagiarism often covers things that are not covered by copyright. Ideas, facts and general plot elements are all things that can be plagiarized, but generally don’t qualify for copyright protection (Bailey, 2013).
Copyright infringement: A copyright infringement is a violation of an individual or organization’s copyright.
Attribution: It is an acknowledgment as a credit to the copyright holder or author of a work.
Transformation: I am not sure about this but my understanding from transformation is copying of copyrighted material for a limited purpose and commenting upon, critiquing or parodying a copyrighted material.
In addition, I have also grasped what Fair Use is. It basically gives exceptions to the rights of copyright holders in particular cases, permitting people to use portions of works for non-profit, academic, and other purposes only if those users stay within certain limits.
As parent-teachers, we have the vital role to teach our kids the value of respecting other people’s work and words and show how to avoid the risks and consequences of plagiarism and other types of academic dishonesty. Our children should know that like any kind of stealing plagiarism is also a type of stealing and it is wrong. Modeling is a highly effective instructional strategy in that as it allows kids to understand the new practice. Children are influenced by the people around them, but our actions and attitudes have the strongest influence on them.Setting a good example is our most significant duty to our kids.
Attribution (copyright). (2017, August 30). Retrieved September 19, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attribution_(copyright)
Bailey, J. (2013, October). The Difference Between Copyright Infringement and Plagiarism – Plagiarism Today. Retrieved from http://www.plagiarismtoday.com/2013/10/07/difference-copyright-infringement-plagiarism/
Christenson, P. (2012, November 13). Copyright Infringement Definition. Retrieved 2017, Sep 18, from https://techterms.com of academia
Dhammi, I. K., & Ul Haq, R. (2016). What is plagiarism and how to avoid it? Indian Journal of Orthopedics, 50(6), 581-583.
Jawad F. Plagiarism and integrity in research. J Pak Med Assoc 2013;63:1446-7.
Pechnick JA. A Short Guide to Writing about Biology. 4th ed. New York: Addison Wesley Longman; 2001.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. (n.d.). Retrieved September 19, 2017, from http://ccnmtl.columbia.edu/projects/mmt/udhr/article_27.html
THIS WEEK RESOURCES
Espejo, R. (2009). Copyright infringement. Detroit : Greenhaven Press, c2009.
Leonard, K. (2009). Copyright or Copy Wrong?. American Libraries, (1/2), 79.
Plagiarism 2.0. [electronic resource (video)] : Information Ethics in the Digital Age. (2011). New York, N.Y. : Films Media Group, , c2011.
Prasad, A., & Agarwalai, A. (2009). Revisiting the Historical ‘Copy-wrongs’ of ‘Copy-rights’! Are we resurrecting the Licensing era?. Journal Of International Commercial Law & Technology, 4(4), 231-237.
Starovoytova, D. (2017). Plagiarism under a Magnifying-Glass. Journal Of Education And Practice, 8(15), 109-129